Backflow preventer, a device coded with shut-off valves and test cocks must be installed in every potable water setting so as to keep off water spoliation. Alternatively, an air gap is produced in the plumbing system that connects to a faucet. This keeps the contaminated water from mixing into the pure one as the former gets collected into a pool. Check-valves are another such tools that allow the water in the system to flow in one direction only.
What is the reason for a backflow?
The backflow phenomena contaminate water in the reserves, which in turn poses serious health risks. In home-based settings, water reservoirs are maintained at specific internal pressure so that water flows from the tap freely when it is turned on. There are certain situations when this pressure decreases, such as when a pipe bursts open, when several high-pressure demanding fixtures are switched-on, or when water temperature inside the system falls below zero degree Celsius. In such cases, backflow of contaminated water from the ground or other sources can easily enter the main system.
How long does it take to test a backflow device?
Where there isn’t any physical space available, backflow preventers are employed. Since these devices have moving parts, their testing and regular check-ups are mandatory to ensure adequate working. It is advised (rather mandatory) to get the preventers examined on a yearly basis. The apparatus bears a test port where a gauge is installed when testing.
During the go through the process, water to your home or business needs to be turned off for around twenty to thirty minutes or maybe a bit longer than that. This process is rather a part of inspection in which a detailed report has to be provided to the water authorities to guarantee clean water in the systems.
A check-valve is the most basic kind of preventer and not deemed quite reliable. Some places may not even legalize the tool. In bigger settings, assemblies of backflow preventers are installed. Certain countries also regulate the system via law where preventers must be installed within the legally devised plumbing codes.
Are there other types of backflow preventer devices as well?
Yes, there are many kinds of backflow preventer setups that work differently in accordance with the laws of pressure.
Double check-valve: This apparatus has two check-valves that are installed in series. One of them will continue to function even if the other becomes entirely counter-productive. Also, when one of the valves is turned off, pressure across the second one is significantly reduced, hampering the chances of even minor leaks.
Other kinds of backflow preventers include:
- Atmospheric vacuum breaker (AVB)
- Reduced pressure zone device (RPZ)
- Vacuum beaker
- Chemigation valve (mainly employed in agricultural settings)